# What Is The Double Declining Balance Method?

What Is The Double Declining Balance Method?

DDB depreciates the asset value at twice the rate of straight line depreciation. With the constant double depreciation rate and a successively lower depreciation base, charges calculated with this method continually drop. The balance of the book value is eventually reduced to the asset’s salvage value after the last depreciation period. However, the final depreciation charge may have to be limited to a lesser amount to keep the salvage value as estimated. The Modified Accelerated Cost Recovery System is the depreciation system currently used by the IRS, and allows depreciation to be calculated by either the straight-line method or the declining balance method. Use this calculator to calculate an accelerated depreciation of an asset for a specified period.

There are many methods of distribution depreciation amount over its useful life. The total amount of depreciation for any asset will be identical in the end no matter which method of depreciation is chosen; only the timing of depreciation will be altered.

He is managing director and co-founder of Kennon-Green & Co., an asset management firm. QuickBooks Desktop remains a favorite among small business owners. Read QuickBooks our review of this popular small business accounting application to see why. The cost of the truck including taxes, title, license, and delivery is \$28,000.

## Declining Balance Method

As I understand it if we have a double declining balance asset worth £10,000, declining over 10 years, we will depreciate by an annual rate of 20%. Depreciation rates between the two methods of calculating depreciation are similar except that the DDD Rate is twice the value of the SLD rate.

In the depreciation of the asset for each period, the salvage value is not considered when doing calculations for DDD balance. Assume a company purchases a piece of equipment for \$20,000 and this piece of equipment has a useful life of 10 years and asalvage valueof \$1,000. The depreciation rate would be calculated by multiplying the straight-line rate by two. In this case the straight-line rate would be 100 percent divided by the asset useful life or 10 percent. Enter the straight line depreciation rate in the double declining depreciation formula, along with the book value for this year. If something unforeseen happens down the line—a slow year, a sudden increase in expenses—you may wish you’d stuck to good old straight line depreciation. While double declining balance has its money-up-front appeal, that means your tax bill goes up in the future.

On the other hand, with the double declining balance depreciation method, you write off a large depreciation expense in the early years, right after you’ve purchased an asset, and less each year after that. So the amount of depreciation you write off each year will be different. With the double declining balance method, you depreciate less and less of an asset’s value over time. That means you get the biggest tax write-offs in the years right after you’ve purchased vehicles, equipment, tools, real estate, or anything else your business needs to run. Accelerated depreciation is any method of depreciation used for accounting or income tax purposes that allows greater depreciation expenses in the early years of the life of an asset. Accelerated depreciation methods, such as double-declining balance , means there will be higher depreciation expenses in the first few years and lower expenses as the asset ages. This is unlike the straight-line depreciation method, which spreads the cost evenly over the life of an asset.

Matching Asset Value– When you purchase an asset, you can rest assured that the asset will provide you with optimal usability, at least during the initial years. For example, any technically sophisticated device may go outdated as and when new products launch. The device might not support the latest requirement, and this could happen within a few years. Since the device was latest during the time of purchase, it will provide you with optimal usage in the initial years. You might need to focus on this especially if the amount of depreciation you log in the accounting, varies from the one that is logged for tax purpose. To prove that you own the fixed assets, you’ll need to own enough documentation, like title documentation or contracts, purchase receipts, and others as proof.

Your basic depreciation rate is the rate at which an asset depreciates using the straight line method. After the useful life of the machine is over, the carrying value of the asset will be only \$ 11,000. The management will sell the asset, and if it is sold above the salvage value, a profit will be booked in the income statement or else a loss if sold below the salvage value. The amount earned after selling the asset will be shown as the cash inflow in the cash flow statement, and the same will be entered in the cash and cash equivalents line of the balance sheet. The following are the steps involved in the calculation of depreciation expense using a Double declining method.

Within a business in the U.S., depreciation expenses are tax-deductible. The double declining balance method is simply a declining balance method in which double (200%) of the straight line depreciation rate is used. Current book value is the asset’s net value at the start of an accounting period, calculated by deducting the accumulated depreciation from the cost of the fixed asset. Residual value is the estimated salvage value at the end of the useful life of the asset.

## Calculator Instructions

It depreciates in such a way that higher depreciation expenses are charged in the early years of the useful life of asset. Double-declining depreciation, or accelerated depreciation, is a depreciation method whereby more of an asset’s cost is depreciated (written-off) in the early years. This method is thought to better reflect the asset’s true market value as it ages. At the starting of the sixth year, the book value of fixture is \$65536.

In other words, it records how the value of an asset declines over time. Firms depreciate assets on their financial statements and for tax purposes in order to better match an asset’s productivity in use to its costs of operation over time. Specifically, the DDB method depreciates assets twice as fast as the traditional declining balance method. This schedule allows a firm to track its long-term assets and analyze the depreciation over time.

During the useful life of an asset, the repairs and maintenance expense is generally low therefore the depreciation expense is high. As time passes, the repairs and maintenance expense will rise, leading to lowered depreciation expense.

The third scenario arises if the company finds an eager buyer willing to pay \$80,000 for the old trailer. As you might expect, the same two balance sheet changes occur, but this time a gain of \$7,000 is recorded on the income statement to represent the difference between book and market values. But I have also been told that double declining is not identical to reducing balance.

For assets that can produce more in the initial years but slows down in the future, this method is more useful compared to the straight line depreciation. Double Declining Method– Double declining method is an accelerated depreciation method. In this method, companies take maximum depreciation charges in the initial years of useful life of the asset to lower profits in the income statements, instead of the later years when the asset loses its value. The lowering of profits in the initial years enables lower income taxes during that time. For accounting in particular, depreciation concerns allocating the cost of an asset over a period of time, usually its useful life.

So if you are on a desktop, you may find the calculator to be more user-friendly and less cluttered without them. Move the slider to left and right to adjust the calculator width. Note that the Help and Tools panel will be hidden when the calculator is too wide to fit both on the screen. Moving the slider to the left will bring the instructions and tools panel back into view.

## What Does Double Declining Balance Depreciation Mean?

Depreciation can be calculated on a monthly basis by two different methods. Residual value, salvage value and scrap value mean the same thing. They refer to the value of an asset at the end of the useful life. If trying to calculate the reducing-balance method gets your mind tied up in knots, you can refer to the IRS calculation tables inPublication Additional Material. But if you’re not used to using them, these tables aren’t exactly a piece of cake, either. You’ll probably want to ask your accountant or tax preparer to perform this function.

Thank you for reading this guide to the purpose behind the double declining balance depreciation method. Download the free Excel double declining balance template to play with the numbers and calculate double declining balance depreciation expense on your own! The best way to understand how it works is to use your own numbers and try building the schedule yourself. Note that for the fifth and final year, your depreciation deduction bumped up higher than in the fourth year. Under IRS conventions, if you’re using the declining balance method,you must switch over to the straight-line method starting in the first year in which it will give you a greater or equal deduction.

It is expected that the fixtures will have no salvage value at the end of their useful life of 10 years. Under the straight-line method, the 10-year life means the asset’s annual depreciation will be 10% of the asset’s cost. Under thedouble declining balance method the 10% straight line rate is doubled to 20%. However, the 20% is multiplied times the fixture’s book value at the beginning of the year instead of the fixture’s original cost. There are two ways that businesses can account for the expense of their long-lived assets.

To calculate the cost of an asset that will depreciate, you can take the cost of the fixed asset and then minus the salvage value. So, now that we know what depreciation is, and different kinds of methods of determining the value of assets are, here is why businesses should record depreciation. Understandingaccounting conceptswill help your business do more. However, depending on what accounting methods you apply, depreciation on these sort of assets can be treated differently. One of the methods would be partial year depreciation, in which the depreciation is evaluated exactly when the asset is in use and the convention in which the depreciation falls. Unit of Production Method– This method is used to depreciate the asset based on the number of hours the asset is used, or the total production of units during its useful life.

• Beginner’s Guides Our comprehensive guides serve as an introduction to basic concepts that you can incorporate into your larger business strategy.
• A business generates interest when it invests the depreciation outside the business.
• A day-count convention is a methodology that determines the number of days that interest accrues between coupon payment days.
• Depreciation journal entries are considered an adjusting entry that should be recorded in your general ledger before running an adjusted trial balance.

After all, most assets depreciate faster in their early years of service, and slower in their later years of service. This is the calculated depreciation expense for the selected year. If the selected year is either the first or final year, the depreciation expense will be prorated based on what month of the year the asset was placed in service. Enter the 4-digit year you would like the calculator to calculate the depreciation expense for. Using Double-declining, our depreciation in year 4 as shown earlier was \$864, but it will be more if we switch to the Straight-line method. When switching, the lifespan is the number of years left in the asset’s original lifespan. The double declining method is more complicated than the straight-line method.

As you can see the straight-line depreciation must be calculated before the DD method can be used. Hence, according to IAS 16 the cost should be allocated throughout QuickBooks the useful life of the asset on a systematic basis. Depreciation is a revenue expenditure occurring due to usage, wear, and tear or obsolescence of the asset.

Salvage value is the estimated book value of an asset after depreciation. It double declining balance is an important component in the calculation of a depreciation schedule.

Under the straight-line method, the useful life of 10 years means that the asset will depreciate at the rate of 10% of the cost of an asset. Therefore, under the double declining method, the 10% straight line depreciation rate is double to 20%. However, the 20% will be multiplied with the book value of the asset at the beginning of the period, not with the original cost of the fixtures. Now that the rate is calculated, we can actually start depreciating the equipment. The depreciation expense is then recorded in the accumulated depreciation account, which reduces the asset book value. The most common types of depreciation methods include straight-line, double declining balance, units of production, and sum of years digits.

If we compare this to the straight-line method, the annual depreciation would be \$150,000 (750,000 x 20%) in all the years i.e. 2019, 2020 and 2021. Where, Net book Value of an asset is its carrying amount less accumulated depreciation; Scrap Value is the amount that you expect to receive at the disposal of asset at the end of its useful life. Non-current assets are assets that have a useful life of more than one year. For that you will want to visit the MACRS Depreciation Calculator. For example, if you purchased a machine costing \$10,000, with a salvage value of \$1,000 and a useful life of 5 years, the SLD rate would be equal to 100% divided by 5, or 20%. Next, double the SLD rate to get the DDB rate, which in this case would be 40%.

Author: Billie Anne Grigg